In general, hard woods will burn slowly, whereas soft woods burn fast. Use soft wood as kindling to start the fire and hard wood as fuel when it is established. The wood is assumed to be dry and seasoned. This page currently covers english trees. Alder A poor fuel, it burns quickly but gives off little heat. Apple A good fuel, it burns slowly and gives off a good heat. It is ideal for cooking as it gives off little flame and produces a pleasent smell. Ash One of the best burning woods. Produces both heat and flame, and will also burn well when green. Beech Like Ash, it produces both heat and flame, though it does not burn as well when green. It also has a tendency to spark Birch Produces good heat but burns quickly. Blackthorn Burns slowly, with lots of heat and little smoke. Cedar Good for cooking as it gives lots of heat witrh little flame, and has a pleasant smell. Cherry Burns slowly and with lots of heat. Douglas Fir Produces little flame or heat Elder Burns quickly and with little heat. Is very smokey. Elm Slow burning but may smoke. Burns poorly unless seasoned. Hawthorn Burns slowly with lots of heat and little smoke. Hazel A good fuel. Holly Good when seasoned. Hornbeam Another good fuel. Horse chestnut Produces both heat and flame, but tends to spit a lot. Larch Fairly good for heat. Laurel Produces a good flame Lime A poor fuel Maple A good fuel Oak Produces little flame and an acrid smoke but is a very slow burning fuel which give off lots of heat. Pear Produces good heat Pine Burns well but tends to spit. The resinous wood makes good kindling. Poplar A mediocre fuel. Spruce Burns very quickly and sparks badly. Sycamore Burns well but generates only moderate heat. Walnut A good fuel Willow A poor wood. Is completely useless when green. Yew Burns slowly and with a fierce heat.

Last updated: March 1, 2014